European Network Against Trafficking in Human Beings

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Human Trafficking and Forced Labour Exploitation. Guidance for Legislation and Law Enforcement

Document number
Human Trafficking and Forced Labour Exploitation. Guidance for Legislation and Law Enforcement
International Labour Office (ILO)
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Document type(s)
Training Material/Resources,
forced labour; prison labour; bonded labour; trafficking in persons; legal aspect; role of ILO; definition of trafficking; informalisation of the workplace; children rights; sexual exploitation; individual complaint mechanisms; Data collection; Data exchange; law enforcement; root causes; awareness raising; social inclusion; victim protection; reflection period; residence status; witness protection; return; law enforcement strategies; Anti-corruption strategies; restitution; compensation of victims; remuneration; trade union; judicial authorities; domestic work; police; labour inspection; migrant workers; rights-based approach; B-9 regulation; residency
This guide has been designed to provide lawmakers and law enforcement authorities (both police and labour inspectors) with practical aid to understand and implement international standards on human trafficking and to take action accordingly, in particular from the viewpoint of forced labour and child labour - two fundamental issues with which the ILO has been dealing throughout its history. Another purpose of the guide is to highlight the broad spectrum of sanctions - criminal, administrative and civil - that are relevant to combating trafficking in persons. A further purpose of this publication is to demonstrate the importance of immigration and labour law, especially with regard to the identification, protection and rehabilitation of victims as well as the monitoring of recruiters and other auxiliaries. Hence, this guide proposes a multi-faceted approach to combating and preventing human trafficking, by including a broad range of useful legal frameworks as well as institutional actors.
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