European Network Against Trafficking in Human Beings

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Needs Assessment and Structural Analysis of the Process of Reintegration of Trafficking Victims in Moldova

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Needs Assessment and Structural Analysis of the Process of Reintegration of Trafficking Victims in Moldova
Caroline Fabius, Utrecht University
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The great social disparities between countries on the European continent give room for both legal and illegal international activities. In our efforts to form a united Europe, many countries such as Moldova struggle to fulfill membership requirements set by the European Union (EU). They are under great pressure to respect the clauses laid down by the Copenhagen European Council to become a member of the EU: "Membership requires that the candidate country has achieved stability of institutions guaranteeing democracy, the rule of law, human rights and respect for and, protection of minorities, the existence of a functioning market economy as well as the capacity to cope with competitive pressure and market forces within the Union. Membership presupposes the candidate's ability to take on the obligations of membership including adherence to the aims of political, economic and monetary union.”However considering the fact that it is the poorest country in Europe with 80% of its population living under the poverty line, the Republic of Moldova is experiencing an economic crisis and consequently, grave basic human rights violations, putting off its chances of ever being able to fulfill those conditionsHuman trafficking is a very large activity that comprises many issues. Narrowing the research to reintegration will enable the research to be qualitative. In order to answer the research puzzle, the report first describes the world of trafficking in human beings. Such an assessment will provide insight on international and domestic legislations and definitions of trafficking in human beings. It will also provide the reader with insights on the process of trafficking and some data about Moldova and background information about the world of the victims in captivity. Secondly, the report describes what the organizations in Chisinau view as basic needs of the victims.
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