European Platform Against Trafficking in Human Beings

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Modern Day Slavery: What Drives Human Trafficking in Europe? Poverty, Equity and Growth in Developing and Transition Countries: Statistical Methods and Empirical Analysis

Document number
2879
Date
2011
Title
Modern Day Slavery: What Drives Human Trafficking in Europe? Poverty, Equity and Growth in Developing and Transition Countries: Statistical Methods and Empirical Analysis
Author/publisher
Diego Hernandez, Alexandra Rudolph, Courant Research Centre
Availability
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Document type(s)
Research/Study/Analysis,
Keywords
Victims (of trafficking), Trafficked persons, Criminal proceedings; Legal assistance, Civil Law Suit, Human trafficking cases, Compensation, National Referral Mechanisms; Victim support services; Restitution; Remuneration; Individual complaint mechanisms; Assistance, Residence permit, Reintegration, Social assistance, Rehabilitation, Reflection period, Repatriation; Return; Redress, Protection, Social inclusion; Residence permit;
Summary
At a time of increased attention on the international agenda for human trafficking, this paper examines the determinants of human trafficking inflows in to 13 European countries based on officially recorded victim numbers. By employing a fixed effects zero-inflated, negative binomial gravity-type model, we address data characteristics appropriately. The econometric analysis suggests that human trafficking occurs in well established routes for migrants and refugees. Victims are more likely to be transported to, and exploited in, host countries with suboptimal institutional quality levels. Countries whose nationals do not require a visa for short term visits are especially prone to being potential source countries. Legal status and regulation of commercial sex services does not affect the pattern of trafficking flows.
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